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HIST 3251: Race & Violence in U.S. History


Black civil rights demonstrator attacked by a dog in Birmingham, Alabama, 1963. ARTstor Digital Library.

Why Use Reference Materials?

Reference Sources:

  • Provide background info/brief overviews on a subject
  • Provide key terms, persons, etc. to add to database searches
  • Lead to more useful sources
  • Help you narrow down your topic

Online Reference

Oxford African American Studies Center is a comprehensive online collection from Oxford University Press focusing on the lives and events which have shaped African American and African history and culture.

Includes articles from Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present: From the Age of Segregation to the Twenty-first Century,
and  Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition

Reference Books

Selected Volumes from The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Library Director

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Betsy Byrd
Library Office #108

Reference Librarian

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Jillian Collier
Library Office #111